Augmenting Denver’s functional classification system of arterials, collectors, local, and Downtown Access streets, the Land Use and Transportation Plan (LUTP) designates five street typologies:
As described, the functional classification of a street broadly defines its design and operational characteristics as they relate primarily to the movement of motor vehicles. By contrast, the street typologies further define streets by relating them to the adjacent land use and their function for pedestrians, bicyclists, and transit. Street design is often ignores less sensitive to other modes of travel when it is based solely on the traditional functional classification. The design of a street, its intersections, sidewalks, and transit stops should reflect the adjacent land uses since the type and intensity of the adjacent land use directly influences the level of use by other modes.
The street typologies attempt to strike a balance between functional classification, adjacent land use, and the competing travel needs. Each street typology prioritizes various design elements by looking at factors related to both the adjacent land use and the functional classification. Where sufficient public right-of-way exists, all priority design elements may be accommodated. Within constrained public right-of-way, however, trade-offs between priority design elements are required to balance the functions of the various travel modes.