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Why neighborhood planning?

The small area planning process offers local stakeholders the opportunity to come together and shape the future of an area. Over the years, small area plans in Denver have taken many forms, including plans for neighborhoods, station areas, and corridors.  Small area plans do a lot for communities:  

  • They engage residents and businesses in identifying a future vision for the area and provide strategies and recommendations for achieving that vision. 
  • They provide detailed recommendations for land use and future development to help ensure neighborhoods grow as envisioned by the plan.
  • They provide a level of analysis, detail, and guidance on issues affecting local areas that citywide plans cannot.

Core values

The neighborhood planning process has three core values: intentional, equitable, measurable. These values are the foundation of the Neighborhood Planning Initiative and guided the development of the strategic plan. These core values will remain constant as area plans are developed over the coming years.

Click here (PDF) to read the NPI Strategic Plan. 

 

The Neighborhood Planning Initiative

As of 2016, only about 19 percent of the city benefits from a small area plan adopted after Blueprint Denver, the 2002 citywide land use and transportation plan. Another 39 percent of the city has plans in place that were adopted before Blueprint Denver, making them increasingly out of date. And about 42 percent of the city has no small area plan at all.  

This initiative is a 10 to 14 year effort to ensure that every corner of the city has a small area plan. Once that is the case, neighborhoods will be on more equal footing, benefiting from comparable policy guidance on issues related to growth and development. 

Image link for PDF map showing percentage of city with current plan, outdated plan or no plan
 

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INTENTIONAL

The planning process will be clear and participants will know what to expect.

  • Focused. The planning process will target issues most relevant to the community and that can be effectively addressed through neighborhood planning.
  • Streamlined. NPI will follow the same multi-phased model for each planning process as defined by the NPI Strategic Plan.
  • Innovative. NPI will develop customized, unique, and creative recommendations for each planning area.
  • Informed. NPI will use relevant data and analysis for informed decision making.
  • Multi-Departmental. City agencies will work together and with the public in developing each plan.

In the past, small area plans were conducted at a variety of scales, the most common of which was the individual neighborhood-level. Under this system, each neighborhood plan took an average of two years to complete. NPI will group neighborhoods together to cover larger areas. Each of Denver’s 78 statistical neighborhoods will be assigned to one of 19 groupings, and each grouping will receive its own area plan. For more details on the proposed groupings, refer to the Grouping and Sequencing section beginning on page 14 of this strategic plan.

NPI area plans will be designed to be completed and adopted in 18 months and will take no longer than 2 years. Observing this timeline for each plan is important in order to keep the larger 19-plan initiative on schedule. Some plans will use the entire two-year timeframe, whereas others may be completed faster. The total difference between the fastest timeline and the maximum timeline across all plans is approximately 3.5 years, as detailed below:

  • 3 plans concurrently, 18 months each = 10.5 years
  • 3 plans concurrently, 24 months each = 14 years

Observing the prescribed timeline for each plan has two major benefits for stakeholders. First, it helps avoid stakeholder fatigue, and second, it allows plans to get to the implementation stage faster.

Citywide plans such as Blueprint Denver and Denver Moves provide policy guidance on topics that overlap significantly with NPI. Because NPI is conducted at the neighborhood/local level, NPI plans will provide more detailed and comprehensive guidance than is possible in citywide plans. Establishing clear roles between NPI and citywide plans will help to ensure clarity and consistency between plans.

 

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EQUITABLE

The planning process will treat neighborhoods fairly and promote balanced, equitable outcomes.

  • 100% Coverage. By obtaining 100% coverage of the city with area plans, NPI will provide the same policy foundation for the entire city.
  • Inclusive. The process will include diverse perspectives and provide multiple ways to be involved.
  • Transparent. Information will be transparent and available. Draft materials will be created throughout the process. Stakeholders will have an opportunity to inform content as it is developed. Area plan phasing will provide the community with advance notice of upcoming planning efforts.

With known resources as of the time of this Strategic Plan (2016), it is envisioned that there will be three NPI plans in process at any given time. Sustaining this level of planning over the course of many years will require identifying a consistent funding stream for the initiative.

NPI represents a significant commitment to area planning and implementation over a long period of time. When one area plan is completed, the next will start. NPI’s initial goal will be to obtain 100% coverage of the city with area plans, but NPI will not be over when this is achieved. By the time the last plan is completed, significant time will have passed and the first few NPI area plans will need to be refreshed. At that point, NPI will shift its focus to cycling back through the completed plans and updating them.

Some topics will be addressed by every NPI area plan (referred to as “always topics” in the NPI planning approach). Other topics do not need to be addressed by every NPI plan, but may be important to address in a particular area (referred to as “focus topics” in the NPI planning approach). Anything can be considered as a potential focus topic, but only the most critical topics will be added to the plan scope. The intent is to limit the scope of topics for two reasons. First, it allows for focus on addressing the most critical issues and opportunities, which in turn will lead to more focused (and ideally faster) implementation of plan recommendations. Second, reducing the number of topics addressed by the plan will help the plans to be completed within the prescribed timeline. 

 

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MEASURABLE

The planning process will make use of data to inform decisions and track implementation progress. 

  • Data-driven. Indicators of planning need will be used to inform the order in which plans will be undertaken. Decisions will be supported by data and analysis throughout each planning process. Information will be transparent and available.
  • Implementation Metrics. Wherever possible, plan recommendations will be tied to metrics to help track progress toward implementation.

NPI will systematically prepare plans for each of the 19 planning areas. The sequencing of these plans will be as objective as possible and informed by a number of factors including planning need, previous planning, plan impact, funding, efficiency, and geographic equity (see page 19 for more detail on each of these factors). NPI area plans will occur in phases, with phase 1 plans occurring in the first 18-24 months of the initiative, phase 2 plans occurring in the next 18- 24 month period after that, and so on. As one phase of the initiative is completed, the remaining areas of the city will be re-evaluated relative to the factors and the next phase announced.

Wherever possible, NPI plans will identify metrics to track progress towards the implementation of recommendations and goals. By using a consistent set of metrics, it will be possible to report on plan implementation at regular intervals following adoption by City Council.

Occasionally, special circumstances may arise that require revisiting and possibly amending completed NPI area plans. For example, in the years following plan adoption, implementation metrics or other observations may reveal that some trends are headed in the wrong direction. In these cases, targeted plan amendments may be needed to adjust the policy direction and affect change. When undertaken, NPI plan amendments should also identify corresponding updates to Blueprint Denver (if needed).

 

Blueprint Denver Integration

Blueprint Denver: An Integrated Land Use and Transportation Plan was adopted in 2002 and remains one of the city’s primary planning documents. Among other things, Blueprint Denver calls for a balanced, multi-modal transportation system, land use that accommodates future growth, and open space throughout the city. Where Blueprint Denver provides high-level citywide guidance, small area plans such as neighborhood plans, station area plans, and corridor plans provide detailed guidance. When small area plans are adopted, they update the Comprehensive Plan and Blueprint Denver.

Blueprint Denver is currently undergoing an update as part of Denveright, a community‐driven planning process that will result in four new citywide plans: Blueprint Denver, The Parks Game Plan, Denver Moves: Pedestrians and Trails, and Denver Moves: Transit. In the years ahead, NPI will build upon the foundation that is set by these plans. However, at the time of this writing the Denveright process is still in the early stages and completion of the four plans is more than a year away. Although specific plan recommendations and other important details are not yet known, the scope of the Blueprint Denver update is known. That scope includes several strategies and tools that Blueprint Denver will incorporate, and NPI plans will later play an important role in applying and refining those citywide concepts at the local level. Furthermore, each NPI plan will identify specific updates to Blueprint Denver, and as such NPI will play a key role in keeping the citywide plan current and relevant between major updates.

For additional information on the strategies and tools that Blueprint Denver will incorporate and how neighborhood planning will build on this, read the NPI Strategic Plan (PDF).