This Standard has been developed using recognized OSHA standards and is designed to protect the City and County of Denver's workers from exposure to the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), and other bloodborne pathogens. Of the diseases caused by these viruses, Hepatitis B is the most common, with 8,700 cases per year amoung workers in the health care profession. Hepatitis B infection may result in serious illness, potential long-term disability, and death. HIV causes AIDS, for which there currently is no cure and which eventually results in death. These viruses, as well as other organisms that cause bloodborne diseases, are found in human blood and certain other human body fluids. Therefore, the City and County of Denver adopted this Standard to reduce or eliminate the risk of its workers coming into direct contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials while performing their jobs.
An Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is a medical device used to treat a victim who suddenly becomes unresponsive, pulseless, and is experiencing sudden cardiac arrest. Use of AEDs has been scientifically proven to save lives when combined with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early advanced medical care. The AED analyzes the heart rhythm and advises the operator if a shockable rhythm is detected. If a shockable rhythm is detected the AED will charge to the appropriate energy level and deliver a shock. According the American Heart Association, the use of CPR and an AED within the first 3 - 5 minutes of cardiac arrest, follewed by advanced medical care within 8 - 10 minutes, can result in greater than 50 percent long-term survival rates for withnessed cardiac arrest victims.
Therefore, the City and County of Denver encourages City departments and agencies to offer such devices at various city locations under the guidelines of this Standard. The purpose of the Standard is to define the training, maintenance, medical oversight, and administration of a Public Access Automated External Defibrillator Program for City and COunty of Denver departments / agencies.